Guía de Práctica Clínica sobre Terapia Intravenosa con Dispositivos no Permanentes en Adultos.

Versión resumida

  1. Introducción
  2. Planificación para inicio de TIV
  3. Prevención de complicaciones al canalizar la vía
  4. Prevención de complicaciones en el mantenimiento de la vía
  5. Actuación tras complicaciones al analizar la vía o en su mantenimiento
  6. Anexos
  7. Listado completo de tablas y figuras
  8. Bibliografía

Bibliografía

Bibliografía

Anónimo. (2009). Dexrazoxane: new indication. Anthracycline extravasation: continue using dimethyl sulfoxide. Prescrire International, 18 (99), 6-8.

Artioli G, Finotto S, Lince MP, Camellini R. (2004). Lavaggio con fisiologica vs otturatore per la gestione del catetere venoso periferico: uno studio randomizzato. Professioni Infermieristiche, 57(3), 177-180.

Asai, T., Matsumoto, S., Matsumoto, H., Yamamoto, K., & Shingu, K. (1999). Prevention of needle-stick injury. Efficacy of a safeguarded intravenous cannula. Anaesthesia, 54(3), 258-261.

Barton, A. J., Danek, G., Johns, P., & Coons, M. (1998). Improving patient outcomes through CQI: vascular access planning. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 13(2), 77-85.

Bausone-Gazda, D., Lefaiver, C. A., & Walters, S.-A. (2010). A randomized controlled trial to compare the complications of 2 peripheral intravenous catheter-stabilization systems. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 33(6), 371-384.

Berenholtz, S. M., Pronovost, P. J., Lipsett, P. A., Hobson, D., Earsing, K. , Farley, J. E., Milanovich, S., et al. (2004). Eliminating catheter-related bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit. Critical Care Medicine, 32(10), 2014-2020.

Bishop, L., Dougherty, L., Bodenham, A., Mansi, J., Crowe, P., Kibbler, C., Shannon, M., et al. (2007). Guidelines on the insertion and management of central venous access devices in adults. International Journal Laboratory Hematology, 29(4), 261–78.

Bowers, L., Speroni, K. G., Jones, L., & Atherton, M. (2008). Comparison of occlusion rates by flushing solutions for peripherally inserted central catheters with positive pressure Luer-activated devices. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 31(1), 22-7.

Briones, E; Romero, A; Marin, I; Frigola, E. (2008). Estrategias de implementación de GPC. Cómo facilitar el cambio. En: Grupo de trabajo sobre implementación de GPC. Implementación de Guías de Práctica Clínica en el Sistema Nacional de Salud. Manual Metodológico. Madrid: Plan Nacional para el SNS del MSC. Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud-I+CS. Guías de Práctica Clínica en el SNS: I+CS Nº 2007/02-02. Pp:39-52.

Carratala, J., Niubo, J., Fernandez-Sevilla, A., Juve, E., Castellsague, X., Berlanga, J., Linares, J., et al. (1999). Randomized, double-blind trial of an antibiotic-lock technique for prevention of gram-positive central venous catheter-related infection in neutropenic patients with cancer. Antimicrobial Agents And Chemotherapy, 43(9), 2200-2204.

Charrier, L., Allochis, M. C., Cavallo, M. R., Gregori, D., Cavallo, F., Zotti, C. M., L., C., et al. (2008). Integrated audit as a means to implement unit protocols: a randomized and controlled study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 14(5), 847-853.

Chua, C., Wisniewski, T., Ramos, A., Schlepp, M., Fildes, J. J., & Kuhls, D. A. (2010). Multidisciplinary trauma intensive care unit checklist: impact on infection rates. Journal of Trauma Nursing, 17(3), 163-166.

Casey, A. L., Karpanen, T. J., Nightingale, P., Cook, M., & Elliott, T. S. J. (2012). Microbiological comparison of a silver-coated and a non-coated needleless intravascular connector in clinical use. Journal of Hospital Infection, 80(4), 299-303.

Conde Estevez, D., & Mateu de Antonio, J. (2012). Actualización del manejo de extravasaciones de agentes citostáticos. Medicina Clínica, 36(1), 34-42.

DeLegge, M. H., Borak, G., & Moore, N. (2005). Central venous access in the home parenteral nutrition population-you PICC. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 29(6), 425-428.

Debourdeau, P., Kassab Chahmi, D., Le Gal, G., Kriegel, I., Desruennes, E., Douard, M.-C., Elalamy, I., et al. (2009). 2008 SOR guidelines for the prevention and treatment of thrombosis associated with central venous catheters in patients with cancer: report from the working group. Annals of Oncology, 20(9), 1459-71.

Dezfulian, C., Lavelle, J., Nallamothu, B. K., Kaufman, S. R., & Saint, S. (2003). Rates of infection for single-lumen versus multilumen central venous catheters: a meta-analysis. Critical Care Medicine, 31(9), 2385-90.

DuBose, J. J., Inaba, K., Shiflett, A., Trankiem, C., Teixeira, P. G. R., Salim, A., Rhee, P., et al. (2008). Measurable outcomes of quality improvement in the trauma intensive care unit: the impact of a daily quality rounding checklist. Journal of Trauma, 64(1), 22-29.

Duane, T. M., Brown, H., Borchers, C. T., Wolfe, L. G., Malhotra, A. K., Aboutanos, M. B., Ivatury, R. R., et al. (2009). A central venous line protocol decreases bloodstream infections and length of stay in a trauma intensive care unit population. American Surgeon, 75(12), 1166-1170.

Eisen, L. A., Narasimhan, M., Berger, J. S., Mayo, P. H., Rosen, M. J., & Schneider, R. F. (2006). Mechanical complications of central venous catheters. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine, 21(1), 40-46.

European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR). (2013). ESUR Guidelines on contrast media. Viena. ESUR. http://www.esur.org/esurguidelines/contrast-media-81/

Fetzer, S. J. (2002). Reducing venipuncture and intravenous insertion pain with eutectic mixture of local anesthetic: a meta-analysis. Nursing Research, 51(2), 119-124.

Fong, N. I., Holtzman, S. R., Bettmann, M. A., & Bettis, S. J. (2001). Peripherally inserted central catheters: Outcome as a function of the operator. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 12(6), 723-729.

Galloway, M. (2002). Using benchmarking data to determine vascular access device selection. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 25(5), 320-5.

Garland, J. S., Alex, C. P., Henrickson, K. J., McAuliffe, T. L., & Maki, D. G. (2005). A vancomycin-heparin lock solution for prevention of nosocomial bloodstream infection in critically ill neonates with peripherally inserted central venous catheters: a prospective, randomized trial. Pediatrics, 116(2), e198-205.

Gillies, D., O’Riordan, L., Wallen, M., Morrison, A., Rankin, K., & Nagy, S. (2005). Optimal timing for intravenous administration set replacement. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet], (4), CD003588.

Gozu, A., Clay, C., & Younus, F. (2011). Hospital-wide reduction in central line-associated bloodstream infections: a tale of two small community hospitals. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 32(6), 619-22.

Granados Gámez, F., Granados Gámez, G., Gómez Rubio, J., Caparros Cortes, G., Pícher Vidal, D. J., & Gómez, P. (2003). Concordancia entre los valores analíticos de las muestras de sangre extraídas a través de catéter periférico y las de punción directa. Enfermería Clínica, 13(1), 1-6.

Guerin, K., Wagner, J., Rains, K., Bessesen, M. (2010). Reduction in central line-associated bloodstream infections by implementation of a postinsertion care bundle. American Journal of Infection Control, 38(6), 430-3.

Hamilton, H. C., & Foxcroft, D. R. (2007). Central venous access sites for the prevention of venous thrombosis, stenosis and infection in patients requiring long-term intravenous therapy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet], (3), CD004084.

Higuera, F., Rosenthal, V. D., Duarte, P., Ruiz, J., Franco, G., & Safdar, N. (2005). The effect of process control on the incidence of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections and mortality in intensive care units in Mexico. Critical Care Medicine, 33(9), 2022-7.

Ho, K. M., & Litton, E. (2006). Use of chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing to prevent vascular and epidural catheter colonization and infection: a meta-analysis. The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 58(2), 281-7.

Huang, E. Y., Chen, C., Abdullah, F., Aspelund, G., Barnhart, D. C., Calkins, C. M., Cowles, R. A., et al. (2011). Strategies for the prevention of central venous catheter infections: an American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Clinical Trials Committee systematic review. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 46(10), 2000-2011.

Infusion Nurses Society (INS). (2011). Infusion Nursing Standards of Practice. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 34(1 Suppl), S1-S110.

Jacobs BR, Schilling S, Doellman D, Hutchinson N, Rickey M, N. S. (2004). Central venous catheter occlusion: a prospective, controlled trial examining the impact of a positive-pressure valve device. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 28(2), 113-8.

Kearns, P. J., Coleman, S., & Wehner, J. H. (1996). Complications of long arm-catheters: a randomized trial of central vs peripheral tip location. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 20(1), 20-4.

Kearon, C., Akl, E. A., Comerota, A. J., Prandoni, P., Bounameaux, H., Goldhaber, S. Z., Nelson, M. E., et al. (2012). Antithrombotic therapy for VTE disease: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest, 141(2 Suppl), e419S-94S.

Kethireddy, S., Safdar, N., S., K., & N., S. (2008). Urokinase lock or flush solution for prevention of bloodstream infections associated with central venous catheters for chemotherapy: a meta-analysis of prospective randomized trials. Journal of Vascular Access, 9(1), 51-7.

Lamperti, M., Bodenham, A. R., Pittiruti, M., Blaivas, M., Augoustides, J. G., Elbarbary, M., Pirotte, T., et al. (2012). International evidence-based recommendations on ultrasound-guided vascular access. Intensive Care Medicine, 38(7), 1105–17.

Leidel, B. A., Kirchhoff, C., Braunstein, V., Bogner, V., Biberthaler, P., & Kanz, K.-G. (2010). Comparison of two intraosseous access devices in adult patients under resuscitation in the emergency department: A prospective, randomized study. Resuscitation, 81(8), 994–9.

León, C., & Ariza, J. (2004). Guías para el tratamiento de las infecciones relacionadas con catéteres intravasculares de corta permanencia en adultos: conferencia de consenso SEIMC-SEMICYUC. Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica, 22(2), 92–101.

Lobo, R. D., Levin, A. S., Gomes, L. M. B., Cursino, R., Park, M., Figueiredo, V. B., Taniguchi, L., et al. (2005). Impact of an educational program and policy changes on decreasing catheter-associated bloodstream infections in a medical intensive care unit in Brazil. American Journal of Infection Control, 33(2), 83-7.

Ma, I. W. Y., Brindle, M. E., Ronksley, P. E., Lorenzetti, D. L., Sauve, R. S., & Ghali, W. A. (2011). Use of simulation-based education to improve outcomes of central venous catheterization: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Academic Medicine, 86(9), 1137-1147.

Macklin, D., Chernecky, C., Nugent, K., & Waller, J. (2003). A Collaborative Approach to Improving Patient Care Associated with Vascular Access Devices. Journal of Vascular Access Devices, 8(2), 8-13.

Maki, D. G., & Ringer, M. (1991). Risk factors for infusion-related phlebitis with small peripheral venous catheters. A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 114(10), 845-54.

Markel Poole, S. (1999). Quality Issues in Access Device Management. Journal of Intravenous Nursing, 22(Suppl 6), S26-S31.

Marra, A. R., Cal, R. G. R., Durao, M. S., Correa, L., Guastelli, L. R., Moura, D. F. J., Edmond, M. B., et al. (2010). Impact of a program to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infection in the zero tolerance era. American Journal of Infection Control, 38(6), 434-9.

Marschall, J., Mermel, L. A., Classen, D., Arias, K. M., Podgorny, K., Anderson, D. J., Burstin, H., et al. (2008). Strategies to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections in acute care hospitals. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 29 Suppl 1, S22-30.

McCann M, Moore ZEH. Intervenciones para la prevención de las complicaciones infecciosas en los pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis con un catéter venoso central. Biblioteca Cochrane Plus 2010, nº 1 Oxford: update software. http: //update-software.com.

McLaws, M.-L., & Burrell, A. R. (2012). Zero risk for central lineassociated bloodstream infection: are we there yet?. Critical Care Medicine, 40(2), 388-93.

Mercadante, S., Ferrera, P., Girelli, D., & Casuccio, A. (2005). Patients’ and relatives' perceptions about intravenous and subcutaneous hydration. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 30(4), 354-8.

Mermel, L. A., Allon, M., Bouza, E., Craven, D. E., Flynn, P., O’Grady, N. P., Raad, I. I., et al. (2009). Clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of intravascular catheter-related infection: 2009 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 49(1), 1-45.

Mermel LA, Farr BM, Sherertz RJ, Raad II, O’Grady N, Harris JS, et al. (2001). Guidelines for the management of intravascular catheter-related infections. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 32,1249–72.

Mestre Roca, G., Berbel Bertolo, C., Tortajada López, P., Gallemi Samaranch, G., Aguilar Ramirez, M. C., Caylà Buqueras, J., Rodríguez- Baño, J., et al. (2012). Assessing the influence of risk factors on rates and dynamics of peripheral vein phlebitis: An observational cohort study. Medicina Clínica, 139(5), 185-91.

Moraza-Dulanto, M. I., Garate-Echenique, L., Miranda-Serrano, E., Armenteros-Yeguas, V., Tomás-López, M. A., & Benítez-Delgado, B. (2012). Insercion eco-guiada de cateteres centrales de insercion periférica (PICC) en pacientes oncologicos y hematologicos: exito en la insercion, supervivencia y complicaciones. Enfermería Clínica, 22(3), 135–43.

Morita, T., Miyashita, M., Shibagaki, M., Hirai, K., Ashiya, T., Ishihara, T., Matsubara, T., et al. (2006). Knowledge and beliefs about end-of-life care and the effects of specialized palliative care: a population-based survey in Japan. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 31(4), 306-16.

Nugent, K., Chernecky, C., & Macklin, D. (2002). Using Focus Groups to Evaluate the Patient’s Involvement in Decision-Making: Associated with their Vascular Access Devicetle. Journal of Vascular Access Devices, 7(2), 33-37.

O'Connor RE, Krall SP, Megargel RE, Tan LE, Bouzoukis JK. (1996) Reducing the rate of paramedic needlesticks in emergency medical services: the role of self-capping intravenous catheters. Academic Emergency Medicine, 3(7),668-74.

O’Grady, N. P., Alexander, M., Burns, L. A., Dellinger, E. P., Garland, J., Heard, S. O., Lipsett, P. A., et al. (2011). Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. Clinical Infectious Disease, 52(9), e162-93.

O’Hara, C. (Ed.). (2012). Provisional Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice (p. 89). Intravenous Nursing New Zealand Incorporated Society. Retrieved from http://www.ivnnz.co.nz/files/file/7672/IVNNZ_Inc_Provisional_Infusion_Therapy_Standards_of_Practice_March_2012.pdf.

Orenstein R, Reynolds L, Karabaic M, Lamb A, Markowitz SM, Wong ES. (1995) Do protective devices prevent needlestick injuries among health care workers? American Journal of Infection Control, 23(6),344-51.

Palomar Martinez, M., Alvarez Lerma, F., Riera Badia, M. A., Leon Gil, C., López Pueyo, M. J., Diaz Tobajas, C., Sierra Camerino, R., et al. (2010). Prevencion de la bacteriemia relacionada con cateteres en UCI mediante una intervencion multifactorial. Informe del estudio piloto. Medicina Intensiva, 34(9), 581-9.

Paxton, J. H., Knuth, T. E., & Klausner, H. A. (2009). Proximal humerus intraosseous infusion: A preferred emergency venous access. Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 67(3), 606-11.

Periard, D., Monney, P., Waeber, G., Zurkinden, C., Mazzolai, L., Hayoz, D., Doenz, F., et al. (2008). Randomized controlled trial of peripherally inserted central catheters vs. peripheral catheters for middle duration inhospital intravenous therapy. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 6(8), 1281-8.

Pittiruti, M., Hamilton, H., Biffi, R., MacFie, J., & Pertkiewicz, M. (2009). ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: central venous catheters (access, care, diagnosis and therapy of complications). Clinical Nutrition, 28(4), 365-77.

Pratt, R. J., Pellowe, C. M., Wilson, J. A., Loveday, H. P., Harper, P. J., Jones, S. R. L. J., McDougall, C., et al. (2007). epic2: National evidencebased guidelines for preventing healthcare-associated infections in NHS hospitals in England. Journal of Hospital Infection, 65 Suppl 1, S1-64.

Pronovost, P., Needham, D., Berenholtz, S., Sinopoli, D., Chu, H., Cosgrove, S., Sexton, B., et al. (2006). An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU. New England Journal of Medicine, 355(26), 2725-32.

Pronovost, P. J., Goeschel, C. A., Colantuoni, E., Watson, S., Lubomski, L. H., Berenholtz, S. M., Thompson, D. A., et al. (2010). Sustaining reductions in catheter related bloodstream infections in Michigan intensive care units: observational study. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 340, c309.

Pronovost, P. J. (2011). Other voices. What’s next in the drive to eliminate preventable harm and cut costs? Hospitals & Health Networks / AHA, 85(10), 18, 20-1.

Prunet, B., Meaudre, E., Monteriol, A., Asensio, Y., Bordes, J., Lacroix, G., & Kaiser, E. (2008) A prospective randomized trial of two safety peripheral intravenous catheters. Anesthesia and Analgesia,107(1),155–8.

Raad, I., Hanna, H. A., Awad, A., Alrahwan, A., Bivins, C., Khan, A., Richardson, D., et al. (2001). Optimal frequency of changing intravenous administration sets: is it safe to prolong use beyond 72 hours? Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 22(3), 136-9.

Rabindranath, K. S., Kumar, E., Shail, R., & Vaux, E. C. (2011). Ultrasound use for the placement of haemodialysis catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet], (11), CD005279.

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO). (2004). Assessment and Device Selection for Vascular Access [Internet]. (RNAO, Ed.). Toronto. URL http://www.rnao.org/Storage/39/3379_Assessment_and_Device_Selection_for_Vascular_Access._with_2008_Supplement.pdf

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO). (2005). Care and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications [Internet]. (RNAO, Ed.). Toronto. URL http://www.rnao.org/Storage/39/3381_Care_andMaintenance_to_Reduce_Vascular_Access_Complications._with_2008_Supplement.pdf

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO). (2008a). Assessment and Device Selection for Vascular Access. Guideline supplement [Internet]. (RNAO, Ed.). Toronto. URL http://www.rnao.org/Storage/39/3378_Assessment_and_Device_Selection_for_Vascular_Access_Supplement_FINAL.pdf

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO). (2008b). Care and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications. Guideline supplement. (RNAO, Ed.). Toronto. URL http://www.rnao.org/Storage/39/3380_Care_and_Maintenance_to_Reduce_Vascular_Access_Complications_Supplement_FINAL.pdf

Rickard, C. M., Lipman, J., Courtney, M., Siversen, R., & Daley, P. (2004). Routine changing of intravenous administration sets does not reduce colonization or infection in central venous catheters. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 25(8), 650-655

Rickard, C. M., Webster, J., Wallis, M. C., Marsh, N., McGrail, M. R., French, V., Foster, L., et al. (2012). Routine versus clinically indicated replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. Lancet, 380(9847), 1066–1074.

Rosenthal, V. D., Guzman, S., Pezzotto, S. M., & Crnich, C. J. (2003). Effect of an infection control program using education and performance feedback on rates of intravascular device-associated bloodstream infections in intensive care units in Argentina. American Journal of Infection Control, 31(7), 405-9.

Safdar, N., & Maki, D. G. (2006). Use of vancomycin-containing lock or flush solutions for prevention of bloodstream infection associated with central venous access devices: a meta-analysis of prospective, randomized trials. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 43(4), 474-84.

Sanders, J., Pithie, A., Ganly, P., Surgenor, L., Wilson, R., Merriman, E., Loudon, G., et al. (2008). A prospective double-blind randomized trial comparing intraluminal ethanol with heparinized saline for the prevention of catheter-associated bloodstream infection in immunosuppressed haematology patients. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 62(4), 809-15.

Santolucito, J. B. (2011). A retrospective evaluation of the timeliness of physician-initiated PICC referrals. Journal of Vascular Access Devices, 6(3), 20-26.

Schulmeister, L. (2011). Extravasation management: clinical update. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 27(1), 82-90.

Schummer, W., Schummer, C., Rose, N., Niesen, W.-D., & Sakka, S. G. (2007). Mechanical complications and malpositions of central venous cannulations by experienced operators. A prospective study of 1794 catheterizations in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Medicine, 33(6), 1055-9.

Servicio de Farmacia Hospitalaria. Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR). (2012). Procedimiento de actuación ante extravasación de fármacos citostáticos. Sevilla. HUVR

Timsit, J.-F., Schwebel, C., Bouadma, L., Gefftroy, A., Garrouste-Orgeas, M., Pease, S., Herault, M.-C., et al. (2009). Chlorhexidine-Impregnated sponges and less frequent dressing changes for prevention of catheterrelated infections in critically III adults: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA, 301(12), 1231-41.

Tonolini, M., Campari, A., & Bianco, R. (2012). Extravasation of radiographic contrast media: prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology, 41(2), 52-5.

Torres-Millan, J., Torres-Lopez, M., & Benjumea-Serna, M. (2010). Location of the central venous catheter tip in the right atrium: Description in 2348 critical patients. Medicina Intensiva, 34(9), 595-9.

Trim JC A review of needle-protective devices to prevent sharps injuries (2004). British Journal of Nursing,13(3),144, 146-53.

Van Donk, P., Rickard, C. M., McGrail, M. R., & Doolan, G. (2009). Routine replacement versus clinical monitoring of peripheral intravenous catheters in a regional hospital in the home program: a randomized controlled trial. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 30(9), 915–917.

Webster, J., Gillies, D., O’Riordan, E., Sherriff, K. L., & Rickard, C. M. (2011). Gauze and tape and transparent polyurethane dressings for central venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet], (11), CD003827.

Webster, J., Osborne, S., Rickard, C., & Hall, J. (2010). Clinically-indicated replacement versus routine replacement of peripheral venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Internet], (3), CD007798.

Wood, D. (1997). A comparative study of two securement techniques for short peripheral intravenous catheters. Journal of Intravenous Nursing, 20(6), 280-5.

Yacopetti, N. (2008). Central venous catheter-related thrombosis: a ystematic review. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 31(4), 241-8.

Yamada, R., Morita, T., Yashiro, E., Otani, H., Amano, K., Tei, Y., Inoue, S., et al. (2010). Patient-reported usefulness of peripherally inserted central venous catheters in terminally Ill cancer patients. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management, 40(1), 60-6.

Yamamoto, A.J., Solomon, J.A., Soulen, M.C., Tang, J., Parkinson, K., Lin, R., & Schears, G.J. (2002). Sutureless securement device reduces complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheters. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 13(1), 77–81.

Zurcher, M., Tramer, M. R., & Walder, B. (2004). Colonization and bloodstream infection with single- versus multi-lumen central venous catheters: a quantitative systematic review. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 99(1), 177-182.

Última actualización: 02 de septiembre de 2015

Logo del Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e IgualdadLogo de la Red Española de Agencias de EvaluaciónBiblioteca de Guías de Práctica Clínica del Sistema Nacional de Salud Junta de Andalucía

 

Copyright | Ayuda | Mapa